For example, use the voice-over to ask questions, give Ukraine Phone Number examples or tell anecdotes that help illustrate a point. A pleasant voice with the right tone can certainly boost the knowledge retention of a tough module in this way. 3 principles for voice-over Ukraine Phone Number in e-learning From the book ‘ E-learning and the Science of Instruction ‘ by Ruth Clark and Richard Meyer. Three principles can be derive for the use of audio and voiceover in e-learning. 1. The modality Ukraine Phone Number principle The modality principle is a big name for something simple. This is about reducing the cognitive load. If students have to read something as well as look at a moving image, their attention is divid. They are forced to work harder, which ultimately does not benefit learning.

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So if the focus is on the screen in terms of visual Ukraine Phone Number information (video or graphic elements), it is a good idea to use a voice over instead of written text. 2. The Redundancy Principle According to the redundancy principle, it does not work well Ukraine Phone Number to have the voice-over verbalize the text, in other words: literally pronounce the text that can also be read. This would actually diminish a learner’s ability to take in everything. So if you want to use the Ukraine Phone Number written and spoken word on the screen at the same time, you need a good reason. It can work if you need to put extra emphasis on something, but stick to a short text.

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The contiguity principle The point here is that Ukraine Phone Number you have to hear the voice-over at the same time as the image. The narrator or voiceover describes a procedure while the video shows its demonstration. So not after or before, because that only Ukraine Phone Number creates an extra load on the working memory. It sounds logical and simple, but it is important to keep in mind. Create peace of mind to process information Finally, I would like to point out the Ukraine Phone Number importance of creating tranquility. I am often ask how long it takes to record a text. The short answer to that is that 100 to 150 words take about a minute to read aloud. But also take into account space for silence.

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