“Data management is a Brazil WhatsApp Number List and political issue for the territories” writes the Banque des Territoires in its report “Data management: which tools and which strategy for the territories”. Indeed, the management of the data of a territory is not limited only to the purely technical aspect of data collection and storage but also to their role of guide of the political choices of the communities. It is not enough to implement the various pieces of legislation. It is also necessary to make the most efficient use of the data created in their territory by various actors. This in order to guarantee the digital exercise of the territorial competences of the communities.
In this logic, several cities, metropolises, interco, departments and regions have embarked on the definition of their strategy. However, all of them quickly found themselves confronted with many challenges. The local authority must be able to guarantee at all times control over its own data as well as that produced in the territory by private actors. This involves: Ensure that in concession and public procurement contracts, service providers cannot appropriate data: local authorities must specify that the data produced, collected and processed by the delegatees are deemed to be public. The status of “public data” is defined by the code of relations between the public and the administration.
Economic value of the data
As a result, service providers have to undertake to make them available free of charge and to monitor any storage requirements (under conditions). Generate a space for dialogue with private actors concerning the data they produce in the territory, in particular data of “general interest”, ie which can guide public policies. For example, Nantes Métropole created in its Metropolitan Data Charter the name “data of metropolitan interest”: this enabled it to access certain data produced in the territory by private actors, while respecting intellectual property and other rights of each. Economic value of the data Controlling data makes it easier to conduct public policies and control the activity of delegatees.
It’s no secret that the growth of digital is worried about the increase in its carbon footprint, especially after the shock of the measures of the first Shift Project. Even if this subject is still emerging, it is critical and the pioneers of sustainable digital transformations are taking hold of it ( discover our firm’s carbon footprint ). The carbon impact is one of the major concerns of local authorities with the number of sensors which are multiplying and which generate masses of data for the management of the territory. According to the Banque des Territoires, the volume of data produced for city management doubles every two years (at least!).
This turns out to be fundamental to guarantee the competences of the communities. Indeed, they can use it to better understand their territory and their inhabitants, by themselves or through service providers. This is the case for the metropolis of Dijon, which in 2015 launched its unique management project for several urban functions (eg traffic, parking, access to the city center, etc.). This control is possible from devices managed remotely. This by controlling costs and boosting the performance of these functions. As a result, communities (and delegatees) must seek a sober approach in the collection and storage of data. This means that only the data necessary for the public service in question should be collected.
In the case of services requiring massive access to data, the community must compensate for it by ecofriendly policies concerning the public service in question. For example, the city and the Community of agglomerations of La Rochelle have created a “responsible digital charter”. They are thus developing their digital uses while optimizing digital tools (to limit their energy consumption) and developing a catalog of services accessible to all and sustainable. Data doesn’t just have to be locked away in a data center. Except for data which by law is non-publishable, it must be easily accessible and exploitable and in a secure environment. This also concerns service providers acting on behalf of a community.