According to the report of the Pakistan WhatsApp Number List digital council entitled “Digital ambition”, open data or the opening up of public data is not an end in itself, but a lever in favor of democratic transparency and economic and social innovation. . It meets a democratic requirement and constitutes a powerful vector for modernizing public action, for greater effectiveness and efficiency. “Open data” was defined in 2014 by the General Commission on Terminology and Neology as “data that an organization makes available to everyone in the form of digital files in order to allow their reuse”. Two conditions for qualifying data as “open”:

Data accessibility Reuse favored by the data format Open data is therefore not necessarily “public data” and can come from private or public entities. Transparency tool Through the law for a digital republic, several principles on the openness of data have been enacted by creating a framework for actors in the public sphere: Free public data; The creation of the notion of reference data and of improving the quality of public data as a public service mission carried by the State; The “open” standard which allows data to be easily reused and used by an automated processing system; The extension to public service delegates

Transparency Tool

(except for a reasoned exemption), with in particular specific obligations for the managers of public electricity or gas networks This law by establishing this opening by default of public data considers that they are of general interest. The aim of these principles is to initiate a game of transparency allowing a virtuous competition and to create a dynamic and a ripple effect on the dissemination of information through data. The administration (ministries, local authorities, public establishments, etc.) is henceforth required, when communicating an administrative document in electronic format, to make it available to the citizen “in an open standard, easily reusable and usable by a processing system. automated ”.


Article 1ter enshrines the right to Open data by giving citizens the possibility to demand before the administrative court, during appeals within the framework of the CADA law, the provision of data. Certain private actors (companies holding public contracts, beneficiaries of public subsidies, etc.) will also be required to communicate data of general interest, which may relate to the operation of public energy or water services, real estate transactions. , or the management and recycling of waste. In the era of all-out digital broadcasting, it is imperative to implement a compliance audit of data and its processing

Article 1ter Enshrines The Right To Open

algorithms to establish user confidence. This trust is also the major factor in the success of ‘data driven’ transformations. In order to better feed our vision of open data in the public sector and to understand its practices, we benchmarked around ten communities of similar sizes, inhabitants and areas. We analyzed the functional, technical and organizational perimeter in order to have points of comparison and learn from their valuable data. The combination of ISLEAN expertise and lessons learned from the benchmark allowed us to make a recommendation on the different types of data to be published during a data opening project.

Without waiting for the continuation of the DEPP study (which we will nevertheless be happy to read), we found this fragment of text in our boxes of previous unpublished articles: in the PISA 2018 study, a focus was made on the elements that may have an influence on the student’s levels, the student’s use of computer equipment during his studies has an impact on his results. Out of 31 countries [1] , students who say they use computer equipment to study [2] have better mathematics averages than those who say they do not.

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