As an introduction to the Martinique Email List table: despite the need for digital talents, created by the transformation of society and businesses, few women are still trained in digital professions and few of them start a career there. This round table, moderated by Marie-Caroline Missir, Director of Development at Digischool, brought together: Jean-Marc Merriaux : Director of Digital Education Salwa Toko : President of the National Digital Council Sophie Viger : Head of school 42 Claude Roiron : Ministerial delegate for gender equality Isabelle Collet : Associate professor at the University of Geneva Olivier Ezratty : Digital and AI consultant expert – Co-founder of the association, “Some Femmes du Numérique! ” The observation: not enough women in the

digital world This is no longer a surprise: there is a lack of women in the digital world and unfortunately things are not getting better. Isabelle Collet nevertheless recalled that at one time *, in France and in the West, the presence of women was not so weak. * see the article “ Women in digital technology from pioneers to minorities ” for more details. What happened ? First of all, digital professions became more prestigious at the end of the 1990s. However, a systematic phenomenon is that when a field of knowledge emancipates, it becomes masculine, as Isabelle Collet declares. Digital has not escaped this by gaining in

Stereotypes Of Digital Professions

importance in companies. Then, the digital professions began to have a certain image: “these are the professions of pure engineers”. And this image ended up creating a dissuasive mental model for girls to follow these trainings. In addition, Jean-Marc Merriaux specifies that the issue of guidance is essential in the manifestation of these mental models: the digital sector is experiencing a loss of women who are more oriented towards medicine, economics or law. for example. This evaporation extends over the field of science and technology. The inclusion of women in digital professions is an important issue Claude Roiron


considers that the issue of women’s inclusion is a democratic issue: it is about positioning women in new forms of equality. Today it remains extremely shaky. “We started off very badly” adds Claude Roiron: the NSI specialty (digital and computer science, a specialty created this year during the reform of the baccalaureate, NLDR), present in 50% of French high schools, is chosen by 15.2% of boys against 2.6% of girls. Awareness must begin before the second or first classes, from the primary. Another element: the percentage of female teachers in these fields is also extremely low. This has a significant impact on the choice of

How To Progress: What Actions To Take

orientation because the identification process involves the search for role models by the students. Isabelle Collet affirms that the “role model” is an important lever but is perceived differently according to the woman who embodies it. A schoolgirl will find it difficult to identify with a “19th century lady in a long dress” (reference to Ada Lovelace). Introducing high school girls to college girls, students to high school girls and professionals to students will have a lot more impact. However, most of the time, the role models reinforce the attraction for a public already sensitized, but arouse few vocations ex nihilo. Digital professions are

professions of the future Sophie Viger confirms that the digital professions recruit a lot with, in addition, comfortable salaries and good careers. However, women do not apply very much. Sophie Viger discusses issues at several levels: For women, as such, who should have the same chances of moving towards digital professions. For the economy, which is driven by digital technology but also hampered by a lack of manpower. In addition, digital talent being rare, they are paid extremely expensive. This inflation induces the inability of many companies to pay for this service. On a global scale, societal transformation driven

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