An experiment with the use of Mozambique Email List recognition by the city of Nice during its carnival in February had already generated tensions between Mr. Estrosi, mayor of Nice, and the CNIL. At the end of October, it was the project to use facial recognition at the entrance to two high schools in the PACA region which led to a media weapon pass between the CNIL and three elected officials from the MM region. Estrosi, Ciotti and Muselier. The latter defend the security provided by a facial recognition device at the entrance to high schools, while the CNIL indicates that such a device would not comply with the GDPR (in force since May

2018), in particular because “Facial recognition devices are particularly intrusive and present major risks to the privacy and individual freedoms of the persons concerned ”. The CNIL also indicates that access control by badge can meet the needs of securing school entrances. This opinion of the CNIL triggered the ire of the three politicians who denounce a “dusty ideology” and “ideological blockages from another time”. What uses of facial recognition in France? Very high profile, this confrontation made it possible to bring out of the shadows the question of the use of facial recognition by the French authorities.

What Uses Of Facial Recognition In France

This technology is already used in the legal field. Integrated into the criminal record file, it allowed, by comparison of photos, the identification of suspects in various procedures, including the knife attack perpetrated in Paris in May 2018. Several real-time facial recognition projects are also underway, at more or less advanced stages. In several French airports, the Parafe system allows identification by facial recognition, in addition to identification by fingerprints. A crowd management project (S2UCRE project), making it possible to spot suspicious movements in particular, is underway, mobilizing the Paris police headquarters and industrialists. Alicem, an application for carrying out administrative procedures on a


smartphone, is being developed by the Ministry of the Interior. His particuliarity ? The obligation to register to go through a facial recognition step. The CNIL is alarmed that no alternative to this device is offered to citizens. Gradually, facial recognition is deployed. Beyond questions of security and simplicity, the stake is economic. Gemalto and Idemia in the lead, French manufacturers offer these technologies and have an interest in quickly proving the correct functioning of their solutions in real conditions in order to position themselves on a global market (nothing prevents French manufacturers from carrying out their experiments

In Some American Cities, Radical Choices

under conditions, however. real abroad, Idemia is already selling its solution to the American and Australian police services). All these experiments call for a “necessary regulation of facial recognition” in the words of the National Digital Council, which in June launched a project with the World Economic Forum aimed at building a regulatory framework for facial recognition that guarantees the protection of human beings. individual liberties. In some American cities, radical choices In the absence of federal regulation, several American cities, such as San Francisco or Oakland, have chosen to ban the use of facial recognition by

local authorities and administrative services. Similar projects are under discussion in New York and Portland. These American cities, supported by the American Union for Civil Liberties (ACLU), highlight the risks for civil liberties and the racial injustices induced by these technologies. A facial recognition system coupled with cameras could be used without the consent of the people filmed. Moreover, although the performance of the systems has made great progress in a few years, the rates of false positives (the system indicates that it has identified someone but is wrong) remain very different depending on the skin color and sex of individuals.and challenges will open up to us: how to be referenced on these platforms? How to bring

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