The term Scientific Malaysia WhatsApp Number List could suggest that this approach benefits from a uniqueness, that it is an unchanging and unequivocally shared approach to produce knowledge: this is not quite the case… D ‘first because the Scientific Method combines in its expression many different methods (experimental method, inductive methods, axiomatic methods, etc.); then because these methods are complemented by various reasoning tools that are essential to produce unbiased knowledge (statistical tools, logical reasoning principles, knowledge of cognitive biases, etc.); and finally, the “Method” and its tools are constantly evolving. Despite this lack of uniqueness, at least two things can be said about the Scientific Method:

It brings together proven methods and tools , the application of which makes it possible to validate / reject theories which explain reality and allow it to be exploited (so that humanity survives, prospers, lives in comfort); for example, we derive our ability to feed 7.8 billion human beings (more or less well but the method does not do everything …) or to put into orbit machines which ensure instant communication with our Australian antipodes. It is governed by a macro-process – Believe, Predict, Test, Check: We would all benefit from following this process to produce our knowledge and not be condemned to believe. Obviously, we cannot produce all of our knowledge by the personal application of this macro-process.

Believe, Predict, Test, Verify: Know

On the other hand, knowing this macro-process as well as the mechanisms / tools that underlie it can be enough to assess our own degree of confidence in an assertion made by a scientist, a colleague, a Twitter user …: do these people have followed the Method to produce what they say? Some tools of the Scientific Method useful at work and elsewhere The experimental method: this method consists in reproducing a phenomenon in order to study it. In the professional world, we can call it… a PoC: to study the relevance of a solution to be implemented, we reproduce the situation / problem that we want to improve / solve by limiting its application to a limited scope. This restricted scope makes it possible to obtain “laboratory”


conditions at a reduced cost / risk. Knowledge of cognitive biases: when we judge or start a work that has produced results, there is every chance that we will refute all or part of these results not on the basis of a rational analysis but because of ‘a certain number of cognitive biases from which we are all borrowed… Knowing as much as possible of these biases is a good way of defending ourselves against our own vicissitudes… Some examples given in this article by Amr Arbani , and to deal with the destinationite I advise you reading Christian Morel’s “Absurd Decisions II” . Peer validation: this mechanism is involved in the validation process of scientific publications. Peer validation involves putting produced content to the test

Some Tools Of The Scientific Method

of critical review by people whose area of ​​expertise is the same as yours. This makes it possible in particular to obtain an outside view, to avoid confirmation bias, stupid but destructive errors … This validation can be done internally (your colleagues) or externally (your customers: in consulting we call this pre positioning) Ockham’s razor : this is a principle which consists in favoring the least costly reasoning in hypotheses, that is to say the simplest sufficient explanations. Statistical tools: in relatively precise contexts, statistical tools can be very useful for disentangling truth from falsehood, for example being wary of implication such as:

What are the countries with the best response to the Coronavirus? have in common ? Female leaders ”… . In the professional context, these tools are particularly useful for confirming / denying the positive or negative impact of the actions you take, the main thing being to set up measurable metrics beforehand. Praise for the method Now, as part of your professional activities : double the verification of your deliverables with validation by your colleagues, or even pre-positioning by your customers; test your ideas in PoC mode by developing a reproducible experimental set-up; establish your sales projections on the basis of a simulation of which you can precisely explain the variables … For fun : go tease the Ockham Razor

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