In my previous article on the Samoa Email List of e-government ( e-government, what is it really? ), I talked about how the digital revolution is reshaping our traditional economic models. The existence of new digital solutions is one thing, their use is another. We are inundated with articles on IoT (internet of things), AI (artificial intelligence), RPA (process automation), MedTech (medical technology) and BioTech (biotechnology). But how many of these innovations are actually and fully utilized? Observations show that we are in a transitional phase between the stage of “pilot” uses and scaling up. The challenge would therefore be to accelerate this process and to switch entirely to a new paradigm. “Digitized” countries are

those which are turning their traditional models upside down to create an ecosystem conducive to innovation and above all implementing digital solutions to meet everyday needs. There are several indices to measure the level of digitization of a country but none is unanimous. Below, three clues of different levels. The ICT Development Index (IDI) is a synthetic index published by the United Nations International Telecommunications Union (ITU) on the basis of internationally agreed indicators . The IDI is a standard tool used to measure the digital divide and compare ICT performance. It is based on eleven indicators, grouped into three digital sections: access, use and skills. However, due to a lack of clear consensus on the

The Ict Development Index

methodology, the United Nations ITU has not published a ranking in 2018 and 2019. As a result, the latest IDI ranking dates from 2017. The Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) created by the European Union is a composite index that summarizes Europe’s digital performance in the public and private sector. It is calculated as the weighted average of five main dimensions: connectivity, human capital, internet usage, digital technology integration and digital public services. This index only tracks the evolution of EU member states in terms of digital competitiveness. However, other non-EU countries are starting to adopt this index to track their own digital performance. Finally, the Euler Hermes Digital Agility Index (DAI) measures the

capacity of countries to provide companies with a digital environment favorable to their development. This index between 0 and 100 reflects a country’s ability to help businesses thrive in the context of digitalization. To do this, it takes into account five dimensions: regulation and the business environment, the education system and research devices, connectivity, logistics infrastructure, and market size. Depending on the index chosen, there is a bias concerning the indicators composing it. For example, the DAI, which includes the market size indicator, disadvantages the classification of countries with a limited domestic market, even if these are very well “digitized”. Thus, depending on the “digitization” index chosen, a country may be ranked

The Digital Economy And Society

higher than another while the latter would have a better position in another ranking. This is the example of Finland and Germany. Ranked IAD 2019, Germany is the second country with an index 77 and Finland, 13 th to 66; while in the ranking DESI 2019, Finland ranks ahead and Germany is 12 th . For information, in 2019, France is 17 thIAD ranking 15 th in the standings DESI. Beyond the index rankings, Estonia is renowned for being the most dematerialized nation in the world. It quickly adopted this dematerialization policy in all its administrative procedures since 2002. This is how several world leaders visit it to be inspired

by their model of administrative efficiency. In September 2014, during the visit of Barack Obama, the latter declared that he could have spared the technical setbacks of his reform of the American health system if he had made this visit earlier. This is quite a symbol when you know that Estonia was Soviet until December 1991. A “digitized” country is therefore not assessed by the potential for digitization but by the adoption of digital. Digitization is at the heart of transformations, both to better serve citizens and to increase productivity in the various administrations of the country. The Internet and cloud computing revolution brings a very

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